UNODC Global Firearms Programme Training on investigation and prosecution of firearms trafficking and related offences in Paraguay
In the framework of the project “Countering transnational illicit arms trafficking through the implementation of the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Firearms Protocol”, and in line with the National Firearms Roadmap adopted between Paraguay and the UNODC Global Firearms Programme (GFP), GFP delivered two advanced trainings to increase national capacities to investigate and prosecute firearms-related criminal offences. The trainings targeted criminal justice practitioners, including police investigators, prosecutors, judges and arms control officers. The first of the courses was conducted virtually in December 2020, given the ongoing COVID-19 restrictions, and the second course was conducted in-person in Paraguay from 25 to 29 October 2021. Moreover, some of the participants also hold teaching functions in the School of Prosecutors and Police Academy, so the shared materials, knowledge and capacities developed among them will be passed to next generations of criminal justice practitioners. The second training built on the knowledge and skills developed in the previous one and focused more on specialised techniques, prosecution, international judicial cooperation and joint investigation teams, inter alia. It also enabled to identify difficulties and challenges in the investigation and prosecution of firearms trafficking and related crimes in the country.
The project “Countering transnational illicit arms trafficking through the implementation of the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Firearms Protocol” has as its overall objective to prevent and counter the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, and their links to transnational organised crime and terrorism, through the ratification and implementation of the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC). The project is implemented by the Global Firearms Programme (GFP), established by the first project funded by the European Union (EU) (IFS /2010 /259-204), which builds upon five interconnected pillars, including: (1) adequate policy and legislative frameworks, (2) implementation of comprehensive firearms control and regulatory frameworks, (3) effective criminal justice responses to illicit trafficking and related crimes, (4) broad international cooperation and regular exchanges of information and expertise through communities of practitioners, and (5) enhanced knowledge and intelligence on firearms trafficking to monitor illicit trafficking flows.
The project’s outcomes aim at supporting these interconnected building blocks, and the activities programmed in order to achieve them include four outputs, namely: (1) increase awareness of the firearms issue and its international responses, and adequate policy and legislative frameworks in place, in line with relevant international and regional instruments; (2) increase capacities of countries and sub-regions to implement effective firearms control regimes in line with the Firearms Protocol and other relevant instruments, and to prevent, investigate and prosecute firearms trafficking and related offences through effective national response and international law enforcement and judicial cooperation; (3) support effective cooperation and sharing of information and good practices among communities of firearms and organised crime/terrorism practitioners, through regular contacts and use of specialised cooperation networks and platforms and taking advantage of existing initiatives; and (4) improve capacity to monitor, analyse and identify synergies for firearms legislation and case-law with and amongst other forms of transnational organised crime, including cybercrime, money laundering, illicit drug trafficking, smuggling of migrants, or terrorism, inter alia.